Wednesday, July 27, 2011

History Of China

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History of China; can be attributed to the existence of Peking Man at Zhoukoudian in 400,000 BC Many archaeological evidence show that Peking Man has gradually evolved into a genuine human being who has formed and evolved in the colonies many cultures. The most notable of these cultures, the culture Zhenpiyan domesticated the pig for the first time in 7600 BC The cultures that have emerged and developed after this period clearly indicate the development of civilization in which man is complete a nomadic and began to form colonies. Pengtoushan culture is credited with taming and planting rice for the first time in China. Today, that same rice culture is a very well developed, which are staple foods for the whole of Southeast Asia. Two pretty rough scripts and script known as Jiahu Banpo, began development in the period between 6600 BC to 5000 BC It Cishan domesticated dogs and culture of chicken and beef Bijia culture and domesticated sheep.

One of the most important contribution to civilization made by the Longshan culture in 3000 BC, when it was domesticated buffalo and the first used car.

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In ancient China, 2852 BC onwards .....

In 2852 BC the Chinese settlements along the Yellow River ruled by Fu Xi. It is often considered the first ruler of China. According to Chinese mythology, it was the developer of writing, fishing and hunting. Fu Xi is the successor of Emperor Yan, who came to power in 2737 BC Emperor Yan was followed by the Yellow Emperor (Huang-di real name) in 2697 BC The Yellow Emperor was the first emperor China to lead a fight against the neighboring tribes. He led two battles, the Battle of Banquan and the Battle of Zhuolu. Six other leaders followed the Yellow Emperor until 2205 BC This era is popularly known as the era of the "Three sovereigns and five emperors."
Bronze Age in the history of China

Xia Dynasty was the first dynasty to rule China. The Emperor Yu the Great "founded the Xia Dynasty, after the fall of the former emperors of the period of three sovereigns and five emperors. The Xia dynasty emperors were only three. Yu the Great came to power in 2194 BC and was succeeded by his son, Qi Xia in 2146 BC the first emperor of the Xia Dynasty was Tai Kang. Tai Kang drowned in a lake, and that led to the fall of the Xia dynasty in 2117 before JC Since the time between 2100 BC to 1400 BC, China was dominated by the Erlitou culture.
The Shang Dynasty

In the year 1398 BC, was the capital of China increased from Zhengzhou Yinxu by Emperor Pan Geng who founded the Shang Dynasty. Pan Geng was followed by Wu Ding, who is considered one of the brightest state and military leaders of ancient China. Shang Dynasty lasted until 1046 BC The two most outstanding leaders of the Shang Dynasty was Emperor and King Di Yi Zhou.

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Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou dynasty was founded in 1122 BC, and finally embarked on the western and eastern dynasties. It is believed that this is the longest dynasty in power in China. The Zhou Dynasty of iron introduced into the Chinese society. Production of bronze have been formally studied and developed during this dynasty. Two important schools of thought, Taoism and Confucianism emerged during this dynasty. The Zhou dynasty ended in 250 BC and at the age of imperialism began in China.
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Age of imperialism

The Imperial Age started in China in 361 BC, when Qin Xiao Qin Dynasty was founded. Qin Dynasty, when many important reforms have taken place in China. The most important reform that began in the Yang Shang Dynasty was a statesman. Reform that is committed to helping the Qin Dynasty, the change in central and militarily powerful nation. This time is defined as the "Warring States period." Shang Yang also brought a much more significant administrative changes. These reforms were the main reason that the other six kingdoms have been successfully integrated in the Qin Dynasty. Huiwen emperor who came to power in 338 BC, and earned the wrath of the common man in his kingdom the implementation of Shang Yang. The reforms of Shang Yang was stored in the administrative system until the end of the dynasty. Another important event that took place in the domain of the Qin dynasty, winning the battle in 293 BC Yique

The battle took place by the Qin dynasty against the states of Wei and Han Han states, Chu, Yan and Zhao was conquered by the Qin Dynasty. In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang unified the various states and has won the first imperial seal of the Chinese Empire.

Two very important events in the history of China after the merger. The first event was the Great Wall of China began the construction of 220 BC Xiongnu attacks to fight. Another important event was the world's oldest form of the Channel, Lingqu channel is designed, Shi Lu in 214 BC

Ming Dynasty

Secondly, the most important dynasty, which came into force was the Ming Dynasty. During the Ming Dynasty, the rule was one of the most prosperous periods in China. During the Ming Dynasty was considered the most successful dynasty in China to manage due to several factors. During the Ming dynasty in China began to build a unified army, who had been separated according to the tasks of the staff. During the Ming Dynasty also saw the construction of a regulated Navy off the coast of China. Dynasty managed through the establishment of the armed forces of more than one million people. During the Ming Dynasty, is also happily returned to the Grand Canal and the Great Wall of China. Valuable contribution to the Ming Dynasty was the Forbidden City. Forbidden City in Beijing was a long-term capital in Chinese history.

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The Hongwu emperor, the concepts of agricultural surpluses, self-sufficient in cereals and militarized carrier systems have been developed. The 16 th century, the Ming dynasty, also began their trade with European powers such as Portugal, Spain and the Netherlands.

The last two dynasties

Ming dynasty dissolved in the year 1644 AD after several revolutions. The next dynasty coming to power was the Shun Dynasty, which had only one master, the Emperor Li Zicheng, which came to power in 1644 AD The Qing Dynasty followed the Shun. Quin Dynasty was dissolved in 1911 AD after the Xinhai Revolution. Many wars that the Sino-Japnese and the Sino-French and small battles were fought during this time.

The era of the monarchy ended in 1912 when China became a Republican state, and Sun Yat Sen took over as head of state. Since then, China has undergone many changes and has become the most successful communist nation in the modern era. The system of communism has become a very successful form of government in China.

The ancient Chinese inventions have contributed greatly to many fields such as science, botany, chemistry and astronomy. He also gave the world distinguished and delicious Chinese specialties. In the international community, this great nation is considered a superpower. The citizens of modern China to maintain its position as a superpower in the coming centuries as it has in the past.

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